Brief History Webmaster: Herman Steyn
Königsberg was the capital of East Prussia from the Late Middle Ages until 1945. It was founded by the Teutonic Knights just south of the Sambian peninsula in 1255 during the Northern Crusades and named in honour of King (German: König) Ottokar II of Bohemia (the German-language name Königsberg literally means "King's mountain"). The city successively became the capital of their monastic state, the Duchy of Prussia, and East Prussia. The Baltic port developed into a German cultural center, being the residence of, among others, Richard Wagner, Immanuel Kant, E.T.A. Hoffmann, and David Hilbert.
Königsberg was heavily damaged by Allied bombing in 1944 during World War II and was subsequently conquered by the Red Army after the Battle of Königsberg in 1945. The city was annexed by the Soviet Union according to the Potsdam Agreement and largely repopulated with Russians. Briefly Russified as (Kyonigsberg), it was renamed Kaliningrad in 1946 after Soviet leader Mikhail Kalinin. The city is now the capital of Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast.
Modelling Konigsberg / East Prussia
Konigsberg captured my imagination, especially the "alte speicher" next to the Hundegatt on the Lastadie. The unique "fachwerk" (half-timbering) warehouses were part of Konigsberg from the 13th century until their demise in 1944/1945. I am attemping to model these speichers in HO (by way of scratchbuilding) and you can follow my progress here (Speicherhäuser page to follow)
Andre de Voor & Richard van Hilton (from Nederland) are also actively modelling Konigsberg (in HO) so please visit their website 'De lijn Königsberg - Berchtesgaden', which is packed with information.
Der Blick von der Krämerbrücke auf die berühmten Königsberger Speicherhäuser.
Jedes Speicherhaus hatte sein eigenes Wappen.
These are some of the useful references:
Die Tragödie Ostpreußens Der Untergang von Ostpreußen und das Ende der 4. Armee - Das Kleeblatt
The Sad Tale of the City of Königsberg This site is about a conveniently forgotten part of relatively recent European history
Konigsberg - Wikipedia This article is about the former German city now known as Kaliningrad
Category:Alt-Königsberg 409 old photographs of Konigsberg
Museum Stadt Königsberg Documentation of the History and Culture
of an European Metropolis
Alte s/w Aufnahmen und Farbfotos ab 1993 245 photographs of Konigsberg by Kenan on Flicr
Bildarchiv Ostpreussen Photographic archive of East Prussia
Kreisgemeinschaft Wehlau Photographic & document archive
Konigsberg - 750 years Russian website - some stunning pre-1940 and current photographs
Deutsche Schutzgebiete Königsberg i. P. - Google map of Kaliningrad
Alte Ansichtskarten - Ostpreussen Topographical postcards of Konigsberg
Das Ostpreussenblatt Web Page containing a large number of links to Prussian websites
Ihr Portal rund um Ostpreußen Current & Historical info with a comprehensive Linkliste
Ansichtskarten von Königsberg Old Postcards of Konigsberg
Arthur Sarnitz - Koenigsberg GmbH Wiederbebauung von Altstadt und Kneiphof
Antiquar Dipl.-Ing. Ralf Einhorn Ostpreussen-Link Gesamt
Willkommen im schönen Ostpreußen Informationen über Ostpreussen, Königsberg und das Königsberger Schloss
Map of Konigsberg around the Kneiphof & Altstadt areas.
The speichers were around the Lastadiengasse - to the left of Kneiphof
Pages Updated On: 21 February 2011
Webmaster: Herman Steyn